How To Grow Einkorn Wheat [A Simple Guide]

Wheat is mass-produced on a scale that most homesteaders can even fathom. But, these modern forms of wheat aren’t what humanity has been enjoying for the majority of its history. Ancient grains, like Einkorn wheat, are more homestead friendly and offer benefits beyond regular wheat products you’d buy at the grocery store. This guide will show you how to grow Einkorn wheat, harvest it, and use it!

What Is Einkorn Wheat?

what is einkorn wheat

Einkorn is a species of wheat that differs from modern wheat used to create the majority of the wheat-based products in stores today.

It is one of the earliest forms of grain than humanity is known to have consumed and its use stretches back 10,000 years.

So, is einkorn an ancient grain? You can argue that it’s the most ancient. It may be the first cultivated grain for humankind!

Unlike modern wheat, it is a low-yielding crop. However, it can also thrive in poor soil and low moisture conditions where modern hybrid wheat would suffer.

It also contains a hull that protects the wheat berries. This can make processing more tedious but it does help reduce the risk of mycotoxin growth on the wheat berries.

How To Grow And Harvest Einkorn Wheat


To plant einkorn, prepare your soil with a light raking. It does best when planted roughly an inch apart with rows that are 6 inches apart.

Sowing at ½ inch depth is optimal. Einkorn can be sowed in Fall for a Spring harvest or in the Spring for a Fall/Winter harvest.


Einkorn wheat differs from modern wheat hybrids. It thrives in soil that isn’t overly rich in nutrients and doesn’t receive too much rain or irrigation.

Grow until maturity, which is around 100-140 days, depending on its growing conditions and climate.


Harvesting should begin when the plants turn a golden brown and the seed heads are fully mature. An old trick is to grab one of the wheat berries from the stalk and bite it. If it is hard, it’s ready for harvest.

You can harvest your einkorn by snapping off the seed heads by hand or using a hand tool like a scythe or sickle.

The average einkorn yield per acre is somewhere around 1,700 lbs. But, this is the in-hull weight. Unlike modern wheat, einkorn is covered in a hull that accounts for up to 40% of the harvest weight.


Once the grain has been harvested from the plant, you have to start separating the wheat berries from the plant. Learning how to thresh einkorn wheat is pretty simple. Threshing can be done by hand alone or with the help of a bucket.

If you are only using your hands simply pull off all the wheat berries from the stalk.

If you are using a bucket, slam the wheat against the sides of the bucket so the brain falls to the bottom of the bucket.


Since einkorn contains a hull, separating the wheat berries is much tougher than modern wheat. But this hull also protects the wheat berries from mycotoxins that plague modern grains!

Unfortunately, many homesteaders don’t know how to dehull einkorn wheat.

To dehull your wheat, you need to smash your wheat berries to break them free from the hulls. A rolling pin and a hard surface should suffice. Covering your wheat berries while you do this will Ensure no go flying out when you roll them.


Once you have your wheat berries dehulled, you are left with wheat berries and husk residue. So the next process is Winnowing the wheat. Use a fan or a windy day to help you out with this process.

With a fan blowing across the top of the bucket, grab handfuls of the wheat berries and hull water and drop it.into the bucket. The lighter hulls and plant materials will drift away in the wind while the wheat berries fall into the bucket.

How To Use Einkorn Wheat Berries

Einkorn can be milled into einkorn flour and used for baked goods. Because of its lower gluten content and inability to absorb as much water as modern wheat, it’s not a great candidate for yeast-based bread that require a lot of rising.

You can mill it with a milling machine, blender, food processor, or coffee bean grinder. The milling machine will produce the most consistent flour since it’s made for this job.

So, what is einkorn wheat used for? You can use it for any other recipe that uses flour that doesn’t require a lot of rise. Pancakes, waffles, cookies, and pie crusts all work great with einkorn flour.

It’s known for a richer taste and texture, you trying it in your favorite recipes may improve them! Any recipe that could use a more toasted, nutty flavor will benefit from the inclusion of einkorn flour.

How To Store Einkorn Wheat Berries

Einkorn is just like any other wheat in that wheat berries will store better than milled flour.

How long do einkorn berries last if kept in optimal conditions? You can keep einkorn wheat berries at room temperature in an airtight container for about 2 months.

If you need to store your wheat berries longer, it’s best to put them in the freezer, where they can last 6 months or longer.

Again, make sure that the container is airtight to ensure no moisture enters and spoils the wheat berries.

If you haven’t already removed the hulls, you can store them in tact to reduce the risk of mycotoxins that carry many health concerns if consumed.


how to use einkorn wheat berries

Is Einkorn A Winter Wheat?

Einkorn can be a Winter or Spring crop in the right climates.

Where Does Einkorn Grow?

Einkorn was grown in colder climates while another ancient grain Emmer was growing in warmer climates throughout its use in early agriculture. Now it can be grown as a Spring or Winter wheat in almost any climate as long as there isn’t too much rainfall. It prefers soil that isn’t overly fertile and can handle frost as well.

Is Einkorn Wheat Better For You?

It’s not inherently better for you. However, it does seem to be a better choice for those with gluten sensitivities than regular wheat. Keep in mind that einkorn wheat does still have gluten, just less. It does have higher protein and antioxidant content and less risk for mycotoxins than modern wheat.

Is Einkorn Anti Inflammatory?

Some research shows anti-inflammatory effects with Einkorn consumption, but the magnitude isn’t well known. There are much better foods to grow for anti-inflammatory effects on the homestead.

Is Einkorn Easy To Digest?

It’s lower in gluten, which is typically a harder compound for many people to digest, even if they aren’t sensitive to it.

Can You Substitute Einkorn Flour For All-Purpose Flour?

It doesn’t rise as well in bread but for other recipes that don’t require a bread-like rise, it is a perfect substitute. Use it in a 1:1 ratio. Make note that you may need to reduce the water/liquid in the recipe due to einkorn not being able to absorb as much water.

Is Einkorn Wheat Safe For Celiacs?

It’s not necessarily safe as it does contain gluten. However, research has shown that it does produce more desirable results than consuming commercial wheat. Still, it’s best to avoid all gluten-containing grains.

How Long Does Einkorn Flour Last?

Freshly milled Einkorn flour will last around 1-2 months in a non-humid environment that’s also cool. A refrigerator is too humid generally but long term storage in a freezer is applicable.

More Questions

how to grow einkorn wheat Frequently Asked Questions

Is Einkorn fiber good for digestion?

Einkorn flour doesn t have the same kind of gluten as modern, hybridized wheat. For this reason, it is considered much easier to digest.

When you grind your own Einkorn berries, will you get a cup of flour from a cup of berries?

No, as a matter of fact, when you grind Einkorn berries, less becomes more. You will get 1 cups of flour from a cup of Einkorn wheat berries.

What kinds of pastries and breads can you bake using Einkorn flour?

This flour is excellent for all sorts of batter breads and muffins, such as banana bread and other dessert breads. You can also use it for pan breads, such as waffles and pancakes.

Can you use Einkorn bread to make dough breads?

You can, but you have to modify your recipe a little bit. Do this by reducing the amount of liquid called for by a third. Don t try to adjust the recipe by adding more flour because this will affect the flavor of the bread. It s better to adjust the liquids.

Can you use Einkorn flour for bread machine recipes?

You can, but you should limit the time you knead the dough because of Einkorn s unique gluten content. It just does not require extensive kneading, whether by hand or in a machine. If you are using a mixer or bread machine, don t knead for more than four minutes.

Is kneaded Einkorn bread the same texture as bread made from hybridized wheat?

No, it may be a bit more dense; however, there are a couple of hacks you can use to improve this situation. Adjust your recipe as follows:

  • Incorporate a quarter cup of potato flakes for every 21/2 cups of Einkorn flour.
  • Add an amount of white vinegar that is equal to the called for amount of yeast.
  • Add an amount of milk powder that is twice that of the called for amount of yeast.

Why is some Einkorn flour labeled “white Einkorn flour” ?

White Einkorn flour has been sifted to separate the bran. This is a process you can do at home if you wish by simply sifting the flour through a double sifter.

Just as with regular wheat flour, the white version of Einkorn flour is light and is a good choice for lighter, fluffier baked goods. It is not quite as good a source of fiber as whole Einkorn flour.

What are the best states in the US to grow Einkorn wheat?

There are several states that are exceptionally good for growing Einkorn wheat. Among them are:

  • Minnesota and North Dakota s northern regions show a lot of potential for Einkorn wheat growth.
  • Montana is cool and dry and has very good areas in its northern regions for growing this ancient wheat.
  • Idaho has excellent soil conditions and a good climate for Einkorn wheat growth. This is especially true of its northern regions.
  • Oregon has mild winters and moist summers, and certain areas of the state (i.e. the Willamette Valley) are ideal for growing Einkorn wheat.
  • Washington state also has certain areas (e.g. the eastern portions of the state) that feature just the dry climate needed to grow this wheat.
  • Wisconsin also has some areas that offer the right balance of cool temperatures and moderate rainfall to support the cultivation of Einkorn wheat.

Keep in mind that location isn t everything when considering growing this ancient grain. No matter where you choose to plant, you must always take factors such as local growing conditions, climate and soil into consideration.

How can I determine if Einkorn wheat will grow well in my location?

Be sure to talk with local agricultural extension agents about your plans to plant this (or any) crop. These experts can provide you with valuable insights and resources to help ensure your success. One such resource is soil testing. This is always the first step to take when considering cultivating any sort of crop.

How can you know which sort of wheat is best for your own personal use?

Begin by consulting your doctor or other trusted healthcare professional. You will want to explore questions and concerns such as gluten sensitivity, activity levels and nutritional needs, health conditions and your own personal preferences in foods.

Give Einkorn A Try

Einkorn wheat can grow in terrible conditions where hybrid wheat won’t survive. This low maintenance crop is a good addition to any homestead. Preserving history by growing heirloom vegetables and ancient grains is a job for us homesteaders!

19 thoughts on “How To Grow Einkorn Wheat [A Simple Guide]”

  1. Hello, I have been going through your data but I would like to know something confusing me. What is the difference between einkorn and farro grains and what do I need to do in terms of production? Thanks

    • Although farro and Einkorn are both considered ancient grains, they are actually quite different in a wide variety of ways. They are botanically different, present different characteristics and are produced in differing manners.

      Einkorn wheat is a diploid wheat with two sets of chromosomes, and it is among the earliest types of cultivated wheat producing small, elongated hulled grains. This ancient grain is rich in vitamins, minerals, protein, antioxidants and fiber. Einkorn s gluten structure is quite simple and is better tolerated by people who have trouble processing gluten. Successful growing conditions for this crop are very specific, so it is usually grown in small amounts by organic farmers.

      Farro is also a hulled wheat, but its grains are typically larger and round. Appearance varies a bit among the three types of Farro wheat:

      ~ Triticum monococcum (Einkorn farro)
      ~ Triticum dicoccum (emmer farro)
      ~ Triticum spelta (spelt farro)

      Gluten type and composition also varies among these three types, as does the nutritional profile of the grain. The type and degree of processing used to prepare this grain will also affect nutrition levels, but overall Farro is thought of as a good source of vitamins, minerals, protein and fiber. Farro can be grown more easily on a commercial scale and has become quite popular in recent years.

      Consult with your local agricultural extension agent to find out which of these grains will do best in your given situation and to gain pinpointed advice on growing one or both successfully.

  2. Can Eincorn and Emmer that has been sprouted about two weeks regrow and form seed if it’s been eaten by deer, cattle, etc?

    • Probably not. If the plants have not had time to put out a lot of root and vegetative growth, they will not have enough resources to regrow. Sprouts of all sorts get their nutrition from the seeds until leaves and roots grow and start gathering nourishment from the sun and soil.

  3. How can you not say it is healthier than our modern grown wheat? The wheat grown in the US yields more but has less proteins and nutrients. We all it it because it’s cheap and it comes down to money. Einkorn is way more beneficial.


  5. i just read the einkorn article – thank you – we live in KS would you recomment spring or fall planting for us? is a Huller attachment on a grain mill recommended or needed to remove the hull?

    No, as a matter of fact, when you grind Einkorn berries, less becomes more. You will get 1 cups of flour from a cup of Einkorn wheat berries.”

    Can you clarify this a bit?

    “No, as a matter of fact, when you grind Einkorn berries, less becomes more. You will get 1 cups of flour from a cup of Einkorn wheat berries.”

    Can you clarify this a bit?

  8. Hello! Thanks for this article!
    Tiffany, I noticed the same thing “less becomes more” and would love clarification. I’m sure the measurement was a typo.

    Sam, my family and I, are located in indiana, about 45 minutes Northwest of downtown Indianapolis. Our homestead is GODgiven Ranch, with 160 diverse acres. We are zone 6a. I have been learning how to make sourdough bread as well as other baked items with Einkorn through Jovial. I’ve been working on my own starter and on day 7.

    I received my flour from a local Amish family about 20 minutes away, as well as from Jovial Foods, grown in Italy. I would also like to learn to grow this myself. I assume since my neighboring Amish families are able to, I should be able to as well 😊 I plan to meet with them soon to get their advice on growing as well to include where to start with obtaining seed, they will probably share some 🙏

    Thanks again for your article, I noticed that you and your family are located in Illinois, with your own farm. I am originally from Illinois as well, born in Peoria, and raised in Springfield for part of my life. Wishing everyone the best, and it’s wonderful to see so many people passionate about getting back to our roots. We and especially our children need it!!!❤️


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